Gymkhana literally means ‘Car Rodeo’. The word has origins from Urdu language meaning ‘Fitness Club’. In the west, it is a type of motorsport practiced in Canada, the United States, the United Kingdom, Scandinavia, and South Africa. Similar to autocross, gymkhana courses are often very complex and memorizing the course is a significant part of achieving a fast time. The governing body of Gymkhana in Japan is the Japan Auto Federation, a Japanese division of the FIA.